Telemedicine arrived in Brazil all over the pandemic and got here to stick, learn about displays

Telemedicine arrived in Brazil during the pandemic and came to stay, study shows
Function of telemedicine use by means of physicians all over the COVID-19 pandemic – share of respondents. Credit score: Globalization and Well being (2022). DOI: 10.1186/s12992-022-00875-9

A survey of one,183 physicians within the Brazilian states of São Paulo and Maranhão displays that the quite a lot of makes use of of telemedicine, which became out to be a vital choice all over the general public well being disaster brought about by means of COVID-19, are set to be an everlasting characteristic of the country’s well being device. The learn about used to be carried out by means of researchers on the College of São Paulo (USP), the Federal College of Maranhão (UFMA) and Queen Mary College of London in the United Kingdom.

“The more than one makes use of of telemedicine are right here to stick. The generation has many benefits, however it’s not a panacea. It must be regulated and monitored. For sure makes use of and specialties, there could also be a lack of high quality on-line. No longer being with a affected person in user continuously way now not having the ability to supply care of enough high quality,” mentioned Mário César Scheffer, a professor within the Division of Preventive Drugs at USP’s Clinical Faculty.

Scheffer is the primary creator of an editorial at the learn about printed in Globalization and Well being.

The learn about used to be a part of a large-scale analysis challenge designed to research the have an effect on of the commercial disaster at the Brazilian well being device and search answers that give a contribution to policymaking and give a boost to carrier provision.

“When well being programs adapt to a disaster, be it financial, political or in well being itself, they sooner or later to find answers and choices that can be transitory or everlasting. Our analysis challenge used to be in growth when the pandemic arrived, so we seized the chance to review the way in which physicians paintings, so as to examine adjustments in well being services and products that would possibly had been sped up by means of COVID-19,” Scheffer instructed Agência FAPESP.

The effects confirmed that telemedicine used to be maximum continuously used to glue pros to speak about medical services and products (55%), grasp body of workers conferences (48%) and behavior coaching or wisdom updating periods (40%). Lower than a 3rd of the physicians interviewed mentioned that they had used telemedicine to speak about instances with sufferers (teleconsultation).

Telemedicine used to be used extra by means of physicians operating within the personal sector than the SUS (Sistema Único de Saúde), Brazil’s nationwide well being carrier. Physicians hired by means of the SUS in number one care, outpatient clinics and hospitals used it basically for teleconsultation with COVID-19 sufferers. “Physicians with their very own places of work and clinics that obtain paying sufferers or sufferers with medical health insurance used telemedicine basically to take care of well being issues now not related to COVID-19,” Scheffer mentioned.

Telemedicine, he defined, is greater than on-line affected person consults. Its more than one makes use of come with conferences of multidisciplinary groups to make choices about remedy, coaching for well being employees, and dissemination of latest medical protocols, in addition to teleconsultation.

“All over the pandemic, for instance, it used to be conceivable due to this generation to herald a consultant now not to be had in user proper then at a specific carrier or ICU to offer an opinion, give a contribution to a prognosis or in a different way lend a hand colleagues,” he mentioned.

Any other vital use of telemedicine used to be distance training involving classes, lectures and dialogue boards. “In a deadly disease and different public well being emergencies, telemedicine can be utilized to standardize and disseminate medical tips, consensus remedies and recommendation on surveillance, all of which is repeatedly evolving,” Scheffer mentioned.

Indiscriminate use

The researchers famous doable dangers of the indiscriminate use of telemedicine. “Extra research are wanted,” Scheffer mentioned. “Our speculation is that telemedicine is not efficient for sure well being issues and in sure specialties. It may possibly play an ancillary function, specifically in triage and for the availability of steerage, however there are scenarios the place the in-person courting between doctor and affected person is irreplaceable.”

Different unfavorable facets of telemedicine famous by means of the researchers come with the opportunity of failure to file notifiable sicknesses, the trouble of agreeing on doctor pay, and moral problems involving the physician-patient courting, knowledge sharing and the protection of delicate affected person knowledge posted on-line.

A lot is still mentioned. “The pandemic sped up using telemedicine and in addition confirmed the level to which legislation must advance. We are involved, for instance, about how telemedicine is being utilized by well being plans and in style clinics to promote low-quality services and products at a low worth,” Scheffer mentioned.

On March 19, 2020, two days after quarantine measures have been introduced by means of state governments as a result of the pandemic, together with lockdown in some towns, all restrictions on telemedicine have been provisionally lifted by means of the Federal Clinical Council (CFM) and the Senate, the higher area of Brazil’s Nationwide Congress. In Might 2022, the CFM issued a definitive regulatory framework for telemedicine, whilst on the identical time stressing the significance of in-person consults each time conceivable.


The learn about pattern (1,183) used to be regarded as consultant of the 152,511 physicians in lively carrier within the states of São Paulo and Maranhão. The previous, situated within the Southeast area of Brazil, is the rustic’s wealthiest state, whilst the latter is a far poorer state within the Northeast. The 2 states range considerably with regards to the collection of physicians in line with 100,000 population, the dimensions in their well being services and products and family source of revenue ranges, in addition to different socio-economic signs.

“The result of the learn about evidenced inequalities in using telemedicine. This must ring alarm bells. The generation used to be a lot more used within the personal than the general public sector, within the state capitals than the inner, and in São Paulo than in Maranhão,” Scheffer mentioned.

Any other vital inequality used to be the predominance of non-COVID instances amongst telemedicine consults all over the pandemic. “In a public well being emergency, corresponding to a deadly disease, there are sufferers with different well being issues who additionally require care. Teleconsultation used to be introduced on-line to stay services and products and clinics working, even though the usual of care wasn’t perfect,” he mentioned.

Additional info:
Mário Scheffer et al, The more than one makes use of of telemedicine all over the pandemic: the proof from a cross-sectional survey of clinical medical doctors in Brazil, Globalization and Well being (2022). DOI: 10.1186/s12992-022-00875-9

Telemedicine arrived in Brazil all over the pandemic and got here to stick, learn about displays (2022, December 14)
retrieved 24 January 2023

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